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  • 中華工控網 > 工控新聞資訊 > 全球機器人密度幾乎翻倍
    全球機器人密度幾乎翻倍

    Robot Density nearly Doubled globally
    全球機器人密度幾乎翻倍

    The use of industrial robots in factories around the world is accelerating at a high rate: 126 robots per 10,000 employees is the new average of global robot density in the manufacturing industries – nearly double the number five years ago (2015: 66 units). This is according to the 2021 World Robot Report.

    根據《2021年世界機器人報告》的數據,世界各地工廠對工業機器人的使用正在高速發展,每萬名員工擁有126臺機器人是制造業中全球機器人密度的最新平均值--幾乎是五年前的兩倍(2015年:66臺)。

    By regions, the average robot density in Asia/Australia is 134 units, in Europe 123 units and in the Americas 111 units. The top 5 most automated countries in the world are: South Korea, Singapore, Japan, Germany, and Sweden. 

    按地區劃分,亞洲/澳大利亞的平均機器人密度為134臺,歐洲為123臺,美洲為111臺。世界上自動化程度最高的前5個國家是。韓國、新加坡、日本、德國和瑞典。

    “Robot density is the barometer to track the degree of automation adoption in the manufacturing industry around the world,” says Milton Guerry, President of the International Federation of Robotics.

    國際機器人聯合會主席Milton Guerry說:“機器人密度是跟蹤世界各地制造業自動化采用程度的晴雨表。”

    機器人

    Asia
    亞洲

    The development of robot density in China is the most dynamic worldwide: Due to the significant growth of robot installations, the density rate rose from 49 units in 2015 to 246 units in 2020. Today, China’s robot density ranks 9th globally compared to 25th just five years ago.

    中國的機器人密度發展是全世界最活躍的。由于機器人安裝量的大幅增長,密度率從2015年的49臺上升到2020年的246臺。今天,中國的機器人密度在全球排名第9位,而五年前僅為第25位。

    Asia is also the home of the country with the world´s highest robot density in the manufacturing industry: the Republic of Korea has held this position since 2010. The country’s robot density exceeds the global average seven-fold (932 units per 10,000 workers). Robot density had been increasing by 10% on average each year since 2015. With its globally recognized electronics industry and a distinct automotive industry, the Korean economy is based on the two largest areas for industrial robots.

    亞洲也是世界上制造業機器人密度最高的國家的所在地:韓國自2010年以來一直保持領先地位。該國的機器人密度超過了全球平均水平的7倍(每萬名工人932臺)。自2015年以來,機器人密度平均每年增加10%。憑借其全球公認的電子工業和獨特的汽車工業,韓國經濟以工業機器人的兩個最大應用領域為基礎。

    Singapore takes second place with a rate of 605 robots per 10,000 employees in 2020. Singapore’s robot density had been growing by 27% on average each year since 2015.

    新加坡以2020年每萬名員工擁有605個機器人的比率位居第二。自2015年以來,新加坡的機器人密度平均每年增長27%。

    Japan ranked third in the world: In 2020, 390 robots were installed per 10,000 employees in the manufacturing industry. Japan is the world´s predominant industrial robot manufacturer: The production capacity of Japanese suppliers reached 174,000 units in 2020. Today, Japan´s manufacturers deliver 45% of the global robot supply.

    日本位居世界第三。2020年,在制造業中,每萬名員工安裝390臺機器人。日本是世界上最主要的工業機器人制造商。2020年,日本供應商的生產能力達到17.4萬臺。今天,日本的制造商提供了全球機器人供應的45%。

    North America
    北美

    Robot density in the United States rose from 176 units in 2015 to 255 units in 2020. The country ranks seventh in the world – ahead of Chinese Taipei (248 units) and China (246 units). The modernization of domestic production facilities has boosted robot sales in the United States. The use of industrial robots also aids to achieve decarbonization targets e.g. in the cost-efficient production of solar panels and in the continued transition towards electric vehicles. Several car manufacturers have announced investments to further equip their factories for new electric drive car models or to increase capacity for battery production. These major projects will create demand for industrial robots in the next few years.

    美國的機器人密度從2015年的176臺上升到2020年的255臺。美國在全球排名第七,超過了中華臺北(248臺)和中國(246臺)。國內生產設施的現代化推動了美國的機器人銷售。工業機器人的使用也有助于實現脫碳目標,例如,在成本效益高的太陽能電池板生產和繼續向電動汽車過渡方面。一些汽車制造商已經宣布投資,為新的電動汽車模型進一步裝備他們的工廠,或增加電池生產的能力。這些重大項目將在未來幾年創造對工業機器人的需求。

    Europe
    歐洲

    Europe´s most automated country is Germany - ranking 4th worldwide with 371 units. The annual supply had a share of 33% of total robot sales in Europe 2020 - 38% of Europe’s operational stock is in Germany. The German robotics industry is recovering, mainly driven by strong overseas business rather than by the domestic or European market. Robot demand in Germany is expected to grow slowly, mainly supported by demand for low-cost robots in the general industries and outside traditional manufacturing.

    歐洲自動化程度最高的國家是德國--以371臺排名全球第四。年供應量占歐洲2020年機器人總銷售量的33%--歐洲38%的運營庫存在德國。德國機器人行業正在復蘇,主要是由強大的海外業務驅動,而不是由國內或歐洲市場驅動。德國的機器人需求預計將緩慢增長,主要由一般行業和傳統制造業以外的低成本機器人需求支撐。

    France has a robot density of 194 units (ranking 16th in the world), which is well above the global average of 126 robots and relatively similar compared to other EU countries like Spain (203 units), Austria (205 units) or The Netherlands (209 units). EU members like Sweden (289 units), Denmark (246 units) or Italy (224 units), have a significantly higher degree of automation in the manufacturing segment.

    法國的機器人密度為194臺(世界排名第16位),高于全球126臺的平均水平,與西班牙(203臺)、奧地利(205臺)或荷蘭(209臺)等其他歐盟國家相比則相對接近。像瑞典(289臺)、丹麥(246臺)或意大利(224臺)這樣的歐盟成員,在制造業領域的自動化程度明顯更高。

    As the only G7 country – the UK has a robot density below the world average of 126 units with 101 units, ranking 24th. Five years ago, the UK´s robot density was 71 units. The exodus of foreign labor after Brexit increased the demand for robots in 2020. This situation is expected to prevail in near future, the modernization of the UK manufacturing industry will also be boosted by massive tax incentives, the “super-deduction”: From April 2021 until March 2023, companies can claim 130% of capital allowances as a tax relief for plant and machinery investments.

    作為唯一的G7國家,英國的機器人密度低于世界平均水平的126臺,只有101臺,排名第24。五年前,英國的機器人密度為71臺。英國脫歐后,外國勞動力的外流增加了2020年對機器人的需求。這種情況預計將在不久的將來出現,英國制造業的現代化也將受到大規模稅收優惠政策的推動,即 "超級減免"。從2021年4月到2023年3月,公司可以申請130%的資本津貼作為工廠和機器投資的稅收減免。

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